For developing foreign economic activity with the countries of near and far abroad, assistance to the domestic enterprises and trade organizations in strengthening of domestic trade, the Resolution of Council of ministers of the Tajik SSR for No. 130 of 30.03.1960 in Dushanbe the Chamber of commerce of the Tajik SSR is formed. On the social commencement the vice-chairman of Gosplan of the Tajik SSR Alikul Aliyev has been appointed the chairman of Chamber of commerce.
The main objectives of the Chamber was the intensification of trade and economic cooperation, integration of enterprises and trade organizations involved in overseas and business partnership with chambers of commerce, export companies, trading and industrial activities, representation of their common interests, assistance in the development of trade in the promotion of domestic products, participation in national and international exhibitions / trade fairs, symposiums and conferences.
Examination of food and industrial goods Chamber started practicing only since 1963. Acts examination of the Chamber of Tajikistan – the legal founding documents in disputes in court was no doubt among exporters, as in the former Soviet Union and foreign partners. Chamber members are encouraged to participate in the work of national and international conferences, symposiums, exhibitions and fairs.
The Chamber concludes the Agreement “On cooperation” with the Chambers of Commerce of the Russian Federation, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Chamber of Commerce and Industry carries out questioning of the domestic enterprises interested in establishment of direct production, commercial and scientific connections, and creation of joint ventures with Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Yugoslavia. The Chamber provides practical assistance to its members in the conduct of trade in foreign markets. Considering the issue of the organization of comprehensive advisory, legal service, collecting orders for members of the Chamber of Commerce, received the right to enter to the foreign market, the development of new forms of economic cooperation with foreign countries.
In 1972, the House transformed into a Chamber of Commerce (CCI) of the Tajik SSR, and became part of the USSR Chamber of Commerce. In 1977, the Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce of the Tajik SSR elected Ortikov Gurbanov – deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Tajik SSR, who served as the First Secretary of the Municipal Committee of the party for 20 years. Kanibadam, Matchah and Isfara.
For last years, the development gained by Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region/GBAO/, the Sughd, Khatlon regions. By 1981. CCI offers expertise in product 60 items, exported to 50 countries of the world.
In 1983 Kamol Sufiyev was elected Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce of Tajikistan who served as minister of the fruit and vegetable sector of the Tajik SSR.
In 1985 the new Charter of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Tajik SSR providing expansion of services in foreign trade including examination, the certificates on the country of goods’ origin, the organization of foreign exhibitions, development of information services, assistance to patenting, etc. has adopted.
The chamber becomes the leading organization for technical translations in the country from foreign languages and the unique institutions, which is carrying out examination of foreign goods. The service of advertising and translations on a regular basis carries out informational task among the enterprises. In 1988 the Chamber of Commerce and Industry is put on a self-supporting basis and self-financing. It creates self-supporting firm “Dushanbeekspertiza”, “Khatlonekspertiza” and “Pamirekspertiza”.
In 1988-1989 in connection with reorganization of state trade in the USSR, private enterprises arise in Tajikistan. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry resolves issues of searching reliable partners, the organizations of the international symposiums with the Siemens Company (Germany), and firms from Sweden and Yugoslavia.
High level of cooperation is provided by membership of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan in the World Federation of trade chambers / WCF, the International chamber of commerce (ICC), The International Council for cooperation of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the participating states of the CIS, the Baltic, Central and Eastern Europe, the International Congress of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (ICIE), Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Chamber of Commerce and Industry of ECO, Confederation of the Pacific Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CPCCI), the International Chamber of commerce the Silk Road (SRCCI)
The relations of country with the international institutes play a large role in policy of the Government of the republic. Considering this fact, in a certain measure cooperation of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT with the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Islamic Development bank, Eurasian Development Bank, the EDB, Fund Aga Khan, National institute of foreign trade of Italy, the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the Project of advance trade in Tajikistan, the International Shopping Center (ISC) (Switzerland), the German society on the international cooperation, etc. has become stronger and has extended.
One of important links of work was interaction and cooperation with institutes of the UN, USAID, UNICEF involved in process of economic transformations of the country. Interaction of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT through Chambers of Commerce and Industry within EURASEC, the Eurasian International Chamber of commerce (EAICC), etc. develops. The government has authorized Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan represent our country in the authoritative international organizations, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the International Bureau of Exhibitions (BIE). Activity of Chamber extends also with the national unions of industrialists and executives, large industrial and financial structures with countries of Europe and Asia.
In 1997 according to the Decision of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT “About Formation of Regional Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan”, “Leninabadekspertiza” has been transformed in Leninabad / Sogd/regional Chamber of Commerce and Industry led by Rakhim Abdullaev. Hatlonekspertiza — in Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Khatlon Region under the leadership of Tursunboy Isokov. In GBAO formed “Pomiroblupravleniye” of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT, which was headed by Kalandarbek Asalbekov,
May 22, 1998. The parliament of the country has adopted the Law “About Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan” which has defined the legal status of Chamber and has expanded the legal framework of its activity. Its acceptance is a big step in development and strengthening of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT, allowed to carry out more stoutly functions of representation and protection of interests of entrepreneurs, including small and medium business, to transit to the international standards of activity of world Chambers of Commerce and Industry.
The regular III Congress of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT, which was on October 30, 1998, became a push in activation of activity of Chamber. Changes and additions in the Charter of Chamber of Commerce and Industry have caused the necessity of its restructuring, strengthening membership base and expanding the scope of activities with the countries of near and far abroad.
On October 16, 2003 at the regular IV Congress of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan Said Sharif is elected the Chairman of Chamber of Commerce and Industry. According to the Law “About Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan», the Charter approved at the IV Congress of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT for the aim:
- Implementation of the state program of the Republic of Tajikistan in formation and development of modern industrial and trade infrastructure the export growth of production and services.
- Enhanced work with the aim of attracting foreign investment and establishing contacts with the business environment of trade and economic missions of the countries of near and far abroad, creating the conditions for its integration into the world economic system.
- The organizations of the international trade and economic forums with participation of a business community
- Expansions of interaction with government institutions of the cities, areas and regions of the country concerning the organization of exhibition and fair actions.
- Organizations of the international exhibitions and fairs abroad.
- Constructive dialogue of entrepreneurs with public authorities, protection and representations of their interests in authorities and abroad.
- The methodical consulting assistance to the enterprises, companies, associations, unions concerning carrying out certification of production.
- Increasing efficiency of promoting domestic competitive goods in foreign market.
- Opening the regional offices of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT in regions of the republic.
- Development of new types of service.
- Professional development of specialists of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT which includes in Chamber of Commerce and Industry Expert of the CIS, “Unified system of expert assessment of quantity, quality and completeness of goods”; international ISO standards.
There are 500 large banks included in system of CCI, unions, associations, union of entrepreneurs, joint ventures that consist of ten and hundred business structures occupied almost in all branches of economy. Many foreign organizations and firms are the Members of Chamber. These all are exclusively convenient support for foreign investors striving to enter the market of Tajikistan. It confirms CCI’s activity in GBAO, Sughd and Khatlon regions.
Along with it, the Chamber is engaged in issuing of certificates of origin of goods and conducting independent examination of quality and compliance.
For the period, which has passed from the moment of holding the IV Congress, the Chamber has strengthened the status of the major public reunification of Tajikistan and firmly stands at a boundary of protection interests of domestic entrepreneurs. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT has sufficient experience in effective and mutually beneficial cooperation which is based on the principles of openness, conscientiousness and mutual aid. On the basis of such kind of successful partnership lies mutual interest in creating favorable conditions for development trade and economic international relations, attraction of foreign investments into national economy, expansion of export of domestic goods and services, aiding business in adaptation to foreign market , protection of national interests of Tajik entrepreneurs outside of the country.
The geography of the foreign trade communications of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT is rather wide and has positive dynamics. As for interregional and border contacts, they really are one of the most perspective forms with a view to long-term cooperation. Direct connections between regions of the Commonwealth allow strengthening mutually advantageous trade and economic relations. They directed to encouraging participation of regions of the mountain republic in integration processes, implementation of projects of ore mining, light industry, fuel and energy complex, mechanical engineering, transport infrastructure, agriculture, a possibility of development of contacts in the field of modern technologies, creation of co-productions.
Another V Congress of CCI RT has become an important event in the business life of the country. The main objective of the Congress – the development and strengthening of cooperation between the state and the private sector, in the framework of which will be assessed the effectiveness of the done and the steps marked new directions of work of the Chamber.
Five years of work of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT have been celebrated by important events: reception of new members, creating web-website www.tpp.tj , Information Business center, Information Fund; Center of legal support and development of institute of the Arbitration court and International commercial arbitration; Associations of subject numbering “GS1 — Tajikistan”, LLC Sayekh Bozorgon.
Special importance is the creation of conditions for formation of market’s infrastructure investment and innovations through exhibition activity. The chamber was directly involved in discussion of tax laws, land, customs policy, creation of free economic zones. Actively promotes development of export of goods and services, attraction of the private capital in national economy. Bilateral cooperation with many world Chambers — an indicator of the increasing role of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT. Last period is significant for making new contacts, expansion of foreign economic relations with business community and Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the states — participants of the CIS and foreign countries. Signed agreements about cooperation, conducting joint events, information exchange, the operating legal base of inter chamber interaction, create necessary conditions for a large number directions, main of them is supporting enterprises. High extent of trust in business community to CCI in RT
As for the main areas of work today, they are formulated in the Message of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon to delegates of the V Congress of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT. First of all, integration of national economy into the world economy, including protection of legitimate rights and interests of the Tajik business abroad, and also assistance to process of accession of Tajikistan to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The solution of economic problems is impossible without consolidation and participation of enterprise community, reconstruction and modernization of production, creation of new jobs. Support of small and average business — an issue of utmost importance. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT effectively interacts in the mode of continuous dialogue with all structural divisions of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.
The chamber is interested in the prospects of technological and investment cooperation in real sector of economy. The organization of joint ventures with participation of the frequent capital, will promote entry of domestic production in the world market. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT is ready to consider any suggestions for improvement of work, will do everything possible for development of small, medium and large business. The list of tasks of Chamber includes providing members of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT, business of associations of the republic with information of economic value necessary for conducting business activity. Delegates of the Congress have approved the Report on implementation of the Program of activity of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan during 2003 — 2008, the draft of the Program of activity of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of RT for 2009-2013. The made decisions became an effective platform of further strengthening of a position of Chamber of Tajikistan on the world scene.
Strengthening the international position of Tajikistan and helping domestic businesses to develop foreign markets, and progress in this direction allows better with greater impact to disclose our foreign trade potential. In this case, without a partnership is indispensable. The authority of the Chamber of Tajikistan contributes to a positive business image of national business, development and strengthening of international relations with the business community, chambers of commerce of the countries of near and far abroad.